Studying Art or just an art lover? If you want to know about Types of Painting, their styles and techniques. you have just reached the right spot!

“Art is the expression of a free soul.”

 

Painting is the craft of sprinkling hues with the assistance of brushes with a specific goal in mind to make craftsmanship. A painting should be possible on practically any surface and they can be digital(on PCs) or manual utilizing paints and brushes. 

This is a rundown plot of 51 types of painting, their styles, and techniques, from the most sought-after to the least. Finding out about various styles, seeing what painters have made, and attempting various methodologies are portions of the voyage toward building up your own style and technique as well. 

Types of Painting based on techniques 

A technique is a method of procedure, or way, of using a skill (like painting). There are various types of painting, materials like sand, paper, dirt and some more. Painting is about inventiveness, so craftsmen don’t confine themselves to just restricted medium and materials, it’s a consistently developing procedure.

It teaches you how to draw a range of subjects assembled all the necessary tools, set up your own workspace and you’re ready to start your artistic journey in the paint. But before you do, it’s worth knowing some fundamental painting techniques and styles that will help you along the way. 

1. Pencil Sketch

Portrait De Charles Marcotte, 1838 By J-A-D Ingres

Portrait De Charles Marcotte, 1838 By J-A-D Ingres

 

  • Originated: 17th century
  • Place of Origin: France
  • Base: Compatible with every drawing surface
  • Uniqueness: Use of Graphite & Blending stumps
  • Famous artists: Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Adonna Khare, Paul Cadden, Diego Fazio

The Pencil drawing started executing with a tool composed of graphite packed in a wood case. This is the art technique which is special because of its tone differentiation and good contrast. This type of art is an old technique for sketching. Now there are even color pencil sketches available which are done by colored pencils. This is one of the very first sketching methods.

Did you know? Although graphite was mined in the 16th century, the use by artists of pieces of natural graphite, inserted in a porte-crayon (“pencil holder”), is not known before the 17th century.

 

2. Oil Painting

Girl with a Pearl Earring The famous painting

Girl with a Pearl Earring, By Johannes Vermeer

  • Originated: 7th Century
  • Place of Origin: Bamiyan, Afghanistan
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Use of Pigments mixed with various Oils
  • Famous artists: Johannes Vermeer, Da Vinci, Raphael, Jan Van Eyck

The oil paint utilized in oil painting has a drying oil which is utilized as a folio to the shade. The drying oils utilized are pecan oil, poppy seed oil, linseed oil principally and others. Here is how we make oil paints. Even in view of the slick part, it appears to be very confused and muddled, however, this composition has a sparkling impact and is of smooth surface. This was, for the most part, started in India and China however got acknowledgment after numerous hundreds of years. These days this is by all accounts exceptionally well-known types of painting and craftsman as a rule like to pick this kind of paints. 

Did you know? A coat of picture varnish is usually given to a finished oil painting to protect this type of art from atmospheric attacks, minor abrasions, and an injurious accumulation of dirt.

3. Watercolor Painting

Venice from the Porch of Madonna della Salute

Venice from the Porch of Madonna Della Salute, By JMW Turner

  • Originated: 4000 B.C.
  • Place of Origin: China, Asia
  • Base: Pape
  • Uniqueness: Use of Pigments mixed with water-based solvents
  • Famous artists: Vincent Van Gogh, J.M.W. Turner, Thomas Girtin

In this painting strategy, paints are connected to the base with the assistance of water. The shades of the paints are water dis-solvable. This is typically painted on paper yet another base is utilized for this media like wood, canvas, cowhide, and so forth. The strokes of shading are connected utilizing various sizes of the brush. The watercolor painting has a long custom which is well known for a very long time. This type of art is also called brush painting. 

Did you know? When prehistoric humans in the Paleolithic ages painted the walls of their caves with mixtures of ochre, charcoal, and other natural pigments. Watercolors were also painted on papyrus and used in Egyptian art forms

4. Charcoal Drawing

Robert Longo, Untitled (Freud’s desk by window), 2004, sold for US$266,500 at Christie’s New York

Robert Longo, Untitled (Freud’s desk by window), 2004, sold for US$266,500 at  Christie’s New York

  • Originated: 26000 B.C.
  • Place of Origin: Not Known (Modernly Japan)
  • Base: Compatible with every drawing surface
  • Uniqueness: Use of charcoal sticks made up of Linden wood, Fixatives
  • Famous artists: Robert Longo, William Kentridge, Dan Pyle, Joel Daniel Phillips

A Charcoal can be utilized similarly you utilize a pencil to draw and shade anything, yet it’s most appropriate to increasingly expressive sorts of shading like bring forth. Charcoal can be utilized to do the primer illustrations of artistic creation on canvas. When you’ve hindered in your shapes and qualities, shower with a serviceable fixative and begin Charcoal painting. Turning your charcoal stick on its side and filling in significant regions of a subject is an extraordinary method to prepare your mind to see shapes instead of forms. 

Did you know? In the renaissance, Charcoal was widely used, but few works of art survived due to charcoal particles flaking off the canvas. At the end of the 15th century, a process of submerging the drawings in a gum bath was implemented to prevent the charcoal from flaking away.

5.Mixed media painting

Mixed Media Painting style

Mixed Media Painting from Photo

  • Originated: 20th Century
  • Place of Origin: Spane
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Mixes numerous traditionally unique visual art media
  • Famous artists: Picasso, Henri Matisse, Joseph Cornell

The Mixed media painting is a more typical practice than plenty of specialists gives it kudos for. Actually, most craftsmen blend media without contemplating it. This sort of painting joins diverse painting and attracting materials and techniques to make one exceptional bit of work of art. Find the unlimited potential outcomes that accompany blended media work of art.

Did you know? Picasso’s Still Life with Chair Painting (May 1912) is often considered the 1st modern collage, This type of art is actually an assemblage of oil paint, oil cloth, pasted paper, as well as rope, turning it into a low-relief, three-dimensional work.

6. Pencil Color Drawing

 

Types of painting styles

“Ambition” By Marco Mazzoni

  • Originated: 19th Century
  • Place of Origin: Germany
  • Base: Paper Drawing Sheets
  • Uniqueness: Mixes numerous traditionally unique visual art media
  • Famous artists: Marco Mazzoni, Martin Aveling, Tim Jeffs

This style is developing step by step and the shaded Pencil Drawing is encountering the unheard of the dimension of thankfulness in the art world. They have worked off a thin, pigmented center encased in a wooden barrel-shaped case. The components of shaded pencils are wax or oil-based and comprise extents of colors and restricting specialists.

Did you know? First art color pencils were invented and produced in 1924 by Faber-Castell and Caran d’Ache.

7. Collage Painting

Picasso, ‘Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar and Newspaper’ (1913)

Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar and Newspaper’, By Picasso (1913)

  • Originated: 20th Century
  • Place of Origin: France
  • Base: Any Surface
  • Uniqueness: cut-and-pasted photographs, painted forms, or even 3-dimensional objects
  • Famous artists: Picasso, George Braque, Francis Picabia, Kurt Schwitters

This is one of the amassed inventive types of painting having an enhanced visualization. Collage work should be possible with bits of shaded or carefully assembled papers, strips, applying paints, magazines, and so forth the topics have differed and for the most part, is a shoddy method of painting. 

Did you know? Coined by cubist artists Braque and Picasso, the term “collage” comes from the French word coller, or “to glue.”

8. Kalamkari Painting

Kalamkari Painting Technique

Kalamkari Painting

  • Originated: 3000 B.C.
  • Place of Origin: India
  • Base: Cotton Fabric
  • Uniqueness: Use of Pen with Natural Dyes
  • Famous artists: Jonnalagadda Gurappa Chetty, Ganga Devi, Bharti Dayal

The Kalamkari implies, Kalam – pen & Kari – work, i.e., a fine art done utilizing a straightforward pen. Vegetable colors from them are extricated to shading the structures connected on fabric. This sort of painting style utilizing natural colors on the material was prevalent in many regions of India, however, this style of Kalamkari thrived at Kalahasti, in India. The entire procedure of structuring includes 17 stages.

Did you know? The process of making Kalamkari involves 23 steps. From natural process of bleaching the fabric, softening it, sun drying, preparing natural dyes, hand painting, to the processes of air drying and washing

9. Scribble Art

Scribble Art Technique

Scribble Art

  • Originated: 17th Century
  • Place of Origin: Germany
  • Base: Any Drawing Surface
  • Uniqueness: Use of irregular movements on the surface
  • Famous artists: Cy Twombly, Vince Low, Greg Albert.

Making gestures of individuals can be a standout amongst the most energizing and remunerating approaches to draw. Simply recall that when drawing the figure, motion wells up from the center—it’s the “soul” of your subject, it’s in the muscles and bones, not on the skin or attire. Remember that your first gesture illustrations probably would not appear as though anything by any stretch of the imagination, at any dislike anything you may need them to resemble, and the experience probably won’t be such fulfilling. That is because of the left half of your cerebrum might be awkward with the entire thought of motion.

Did you know? Scribbling used to be considered as drawingof children and a negative habit in order to learn to draw.

10. Nib Painting

Nib Painting Technique

Nib Painting

  • Originated: 17th Century
  • Place of Origin: Dutch Republic
  • Base: Any Drawing Surface
  • Uniqueness: Use of Dip Pen to direct the flow of Ink

The Nib Painting as the name proposes is painting utilizing nibs (as in the ‘nib’ of an ink pen). Various nibs are utilized for various sorts of painting. For instance, if a round structure is required utilize the nib with a round tip. Any place you need little sharp lines drawn you can utilize a short pointed-tip nib. Long tip nib is commonly used to draw the lines. You can likewise take the paint on the nib and press it against the surface to make the structure. You may take a few days to complete off with a structure, or considerably more with a generally excellent plan. The key is in doing it quietly. You will appreciate this specialty, and the final product will be justified, despite all the trouble.

Did you know? The earliest known split-nib metal dip pen is a surviving copper-alloy pen found in Roman Britain (ad 43 to 410).

11. Ink-wash Painting 

Inkwash Painting Technique

Ink-wash Painting

  • Originated: 5th Century
  • Place of Origin: China
  • Base: xuan paper (Chinese) or washi (Japanese paper)
  • Uniqueness: washing the Ink strokes on paper
  • Famous artists: Cy Twombly, Vince Low, Greg Albert.

This is a brush painting which comprises of various densities of ink to give the various shades in the works of art. China is the starting point of this canvas and it’s very prevalent in East Asia. The indispensable element of this style of wash painting is that it utilizes a brush wherein the hairs are decreased to a fine point. The strokes are painted cautiously as it can’t be changed a while later. This type of art requires a great deal of exertion and time to get this privilege and dazzling. 

Did you know? Ink wash also called Brush painting was one of the “Four Arts” expected to be learnt by China’s class of scholar-officials. Ink wash painting appeared during the Tang dynasty (618–907)

12. Acrylic Painting 

Acrylic Painting Technique

Acrylic Painting

  • Originated: 19th Century
  • Place of Origin: Germany
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Dominant bright colors and sharp brushstrokes and lines
  • Famous artists: Mark Rothko, Kenneth Noland, David Hockney

In this sort of painting the paints utilized are very noteworthy. The acrylic paints comprise of colors in acrylic polymer emulsion. The colors of the paints are water solvent. Hence water is utilized while such types of painting. Be that as it may, the amazing certainty is that when the artistic creation is finished, it ends up being water safe. This water-safe style is adored by most painters and dries quicker. This drying time trademark makes this paint not quite the same as watercolor and oil shading. This kind of painting is generally vivid. 

Did you know? As early as 1936, the Mexican social realist muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros founded and held a workshop in New York City to experiment with the latest synthetics and methods of application

13. Pastel Painting

Pastel Painting technique

Pastel Painting

  • Originated: 17th Century
  • Place of Origin: France
  • Base: Any Drawing Surface
  • Uniqueness: Use of Pastels
  • Famous artists: Jean-Baptiste Perronneau, Maurice Quentin de La Tour,  Jean-Étienne Liotard

The Pastel tints are commonly accessible in the sticks. This is the basic method for shading and children as a rule begin shading utilizing pastel colors. The pastel sticks can be promptly utilized for shading and drawing. Disregarding its straightforward method for shading, it might be hard to shake and mix with various hues. The pastel painting should be possible on paper and furthermore on canvas. Pastel painting stays as regular with no change for quite a long time.

Did you know? On the East Coast of the United States, the Society of Painters in Pastel was founded in 1883 by William Merritt Chase, Robert Blum, and others.

 

14. Glass Painting

Glass Painting Technique

Glass Painting

  • Originated: Middle Ages
  • Place of Origin: Ancient Rome
  • Base: Glass
  • Uniqueness: Use of Glass as a painting surface
  • Famous artists: Aboot Suger of the Abbey of St. Denis

The Glass sketches are done on a glass base with shades of shading. Different paints don’t get tie with the glass. So the paints utilized in glass painting are particularly for glass so those shading colors can without much of a stretch tie with glass. A dark liner is utilized to plot the fringes of the pictures drawn. The gooey hues are connected inside the stamped limit. Glass painting is an imaginative articulation and is specialty work. such types of painting should be possible on any inside decoration or some other show-stoppers or any glass bloom vase or even in lampshade as well. They look alluring and radiate through.

Did you know? The Gothic-style stained glass is a mosaic of little pieces of colored glass. This type of art follows a complex pattern that illustrates Bible images and personalities.

15. Fresco Painting

The Creation of Adam, detail of the ceiling fresco by Michelangelo, 1508–12; in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City.

The Creation of Adam, detail of the ceiling fresco by Michelangelo, 1508–12; in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City.

  • Originated: 110 B.C.
  • Place of Origin: Ancient Rome & Minoan Civilization
  • Base: Wet or Dry Plaster
  • Uniqueness: Use of dry-powder pigments in pure water
  • Famous artists: Michelangelo, Giotto, Fra Angelico

This word ‘fresco’ originates from an Italian word that is gotten from a Latin word. This type of painting style is done on the roof, on the walls. The procedure of fresco comprises blending the paints with water and connected on a flimsy layer of wet mortar. The artwork requires a coupling medium to get appended to the divider appropriately. This was uncommonly done during the Renaissance; subsequently, it’s done from ages. This is a prevalent sort of painting on old landmarks. 

Did you know? A correctly prepared intonaco (smooth coat of plaster) will hold its moisture for many hours.

15. Encaustic Painting

Encaustic Painting Technique

Encaustic Painting

 

  • Originated: 6th Century.
  • Place of Origin: Egypt
  • Base: Canvas/Wood
  • Uniqueness: Use of Beeswax
  • Famous artists: Karl Zerbe, Tony Scherman, Janise Yntema, Brice Marden, Betsy Eby

Amongst multiple types of painting, styles, Encaustic painting is notable for hot wax painting in which for the most part beeswax is warmed with hued shades. This fluid blend is then connected on the outside of wood or different materials. This advanced sort of painting is very hard to paint and requires the most extreme exertion. 

Did you know? A completely unrelated type of “encaustic painting”, not involving wax at all, is found in British ceramics, after Josiah Wedgwood devised and patented the technique in 1769.

16. Gouache Painting

Gouache Painting Technique

Gouache Painting

  • Originated: 9th Century.
  • Place of Origin: Persia
  • Base: Paper
  • Uniqueness: Designed to be used with opaque methods of painting
  • Famous artists: James Gurney, Marco Ricci, Milton Avery, Leslie Hung

The Gouache is an obscure painting technique. The water-based shades are utilized in which the molecule sizes are bigger than the water-hued ones. The hues are wonderfully pitched against one another to add additional magnificence to the craftsmanship. This sort of painting is uncommon and frequently looks reasonable. 

Did you know? During the eighteenth century gouache was often used in a mixed technique, for adding fine details in pastel paintings.

17. Splash Painting

No. 5, 1948

No. 5, 1948 By Jackson Pollock

  • Originated: 20th Century.
  • Place of Origin: Europe
  • Base: Paper
  • Uniqueness: Designed to be used with opaque methods of painting
  • Famous artists: James Gurney, Marco Ricci, Milton Avery, Leslie Hung

The technique of pouring or splashing liquid household paint onto a horizontal surface (‘drip technique’), enabling him to view and paint his canvases from all angles. This type of art was also called ‘action painting’, since artists used the force of their whole body to paint, often in a frenetic dancing style. This extreme form of abstraction divided the critics: some praised the immediacy and fluency of the creation, while others derided the random effects. In 2016, Pollock’s painting titled Number 17A was reported to have fetched the US $200 million in a private purchase.

Did You Know? The style was widespread from the 1940s until the early 1960s, and is closely associated with abstract expressionism (some critics have used the terms “action painting” and “abstract expressionism” interchangeably)

 

18. Sand Painting

Sand Painting Technique

Sand Painting

  • Originated: 12000 B.C.
  • Place of Origin: America
  • Base: Paper
  • Uniqueness: Use of Ground sandstone, natural ochres, mineral earths
  • Famous artists:  Alfred Navajo, Fred Stevens Jr Navajo

In sand painting, the works done are not lasting. Recordings catch the impermanent works done in all respects rapidly with hand stroke just on a fixed surface. The type of painting is exceptionally later among the others in which controlling pace is expected to give significance. Sand painting requires a ton of persistence and can be saddled to do. 

Did You Know? For years the Indians would not allow permanent, exact copies of sand paintings to be made. When the designs were copied in rugs, an error was deliberately made so that the original design would still be powerful.

19. Spray painting  

spray painting Technique

Spray Painting

  • Originated: 19th Century
  • Place of Origin: America
  • Base: Any Surface
  • Uniqueness: Use of Spray guns
  • Famous artists: Jules Olitski, Dan Christensen, Peter Reginato, Anthony Caro, Jean-Michel Basquiat

The spray painting technique is generally done on open structures with/without consents. Spray painting isn’t intended to be comprehended by the overall population, it’s a style of composing or drawing/jotting which has no outright significance. The primary spray painting craftsman was a high school understudy in 1967, who used to compose on walls to stand out enough to be noticed. Spray painting turned into an undeniable known painting procedure in 1980, were numerous specialists depended on open dividers to exhibit their ability.

Did You Know? The introduction of inexpensive and portable aerosol paint has been a boon to this art form, which has spread all over the world. Spray painting has also been used in fine art.

20. Board Painting 

Board Painting Technique

Board Painting

  • Originated: 600 B.C.
  • Place of Origin: Greece
  • Base: Wood
  • Uniqueness: Wood is covered with animal glue and linen
  • Famous artists:  Albrecht Dürer

This system was executed on an unbending help normally wood or metal-as unmistakable from the artistic creation done on canvas. The board was the help for easel painting before canvas came into general use toward the end of the sixteenth century. Beech, cedar, chestnut, fur, larch, linden, white poplar, mahogany, olive, dim pecan, and teak are the kind of wood that has been utilized while board painting. To expel gum and pitch, wood boards were normally bubbled or steamed and afterward wood boards were covered with a glutinous material and gesso to fill the pores on which the sketch was executed. Silver, tin, lead, and zinc were additionally utilized for the board works of art. 

Did You know? Once the size had dried, layer upon layer of gesso would be applied, each layer sanded down before the next applied, sometimes as many as 15 layers, before a smooth hard surface emerged, not unlike ivory.

21.  Scroll Painting 

Scroll Painting Technique

Scroll Painting

  • Originated: 206 B.C.
  • Place of Origin: Ancient China
  • Base: Silk Banners
  • Uniqueness: Use of Bamboo sticks

The two primary sorts of parchment paintings appeared. Chinese scene scroll which is their way of life’s greatest commitment to painting. Another is the Japanese account scroll which depicts the narratives of painting. The harbingers of account parchments are from the fourth century AD and they show Buddhist good exercises. The parchment is seen on a table and is opened from appropriate to left. The makimono which is otherwise called scene handscroll comprises of the account structure rather than any photos.

Did you know? At the top of the scroll is a thin wooden bar, called tiangan, on which a cord is attached for hanging the scroll. Two decorative strips, called jingyan are sometimes attached to the top of the scroll.

22. Pulling and Scrapping

Pulling and Scrapping Technique

Pulling and Scrapping

  • Originated: 20th Century
  • Place of Origin: Netherlands
  • Base: Large scale canvases
  • Uniqueness: Use of squeegee
  • Famous artists: Willem de Kooning, Gerhard Richter

The Pulling and rejecting painting procedure regularly incorporates the pulling of the paint over the two-dimensional surfaces or rejecting the equivalent with either a palette blade or a squeegee. As often as possible, this technique is related to the Dutch Abstract Expressionist Willem de Kooning. The craftsman delivered a considerable lot of his praised dynamic pictures by layering a thick measure of painting, and by utilizing the pulling and rejecting technique.

The German painter Gerhard Richter is every now and again connected with this training. The riddle of his rejecting procedure motivated the movie producer Corinna Belz to deliver one of the many fascinating craftsman documentaries. Catching the craftsman at work in his studio and reflecting upon the motion of pulling as a physically depleting activity, the executive uncovered different pieces of this composition system, for example, hauling, spreading and scratching layers of wet paint during which the writer leaves the tracks of his developments over the canvas surface. 

Did you know? For Corinna Belz’s fly-on-the-wall documentary, Gerhard Richter Painting (2011), the filmmaker spent three years in Richter’s studio, capturing the artist pulling paint across his large-scale canvases.

23. Body Painting

Body Painting (Types of Painting)

Body Painting

  • Originated: 20th Century
  • Place of Origin: Netherlands
  • Base: Human Skin
  • Uniqueness: Painting over human body or Face
  • Famous artists: Max Factor Sr.

Body Paintings is a technique of art where artworks are directly done on the body. This type of art is one of the most ancient techniques of painting. Unlike tattooing, Bodypainting is temporary and done by normal paints  Body Painting, which is limited to face is called face painting. Body painting is also referred to as (a form of) “temporary tattoo”. Large scale or full-body painting is more commonly referred to as body painting, while smaller or more detailed work can sometimes be referred to as temporary tattoos.

Did you know? In 2006 the first gallery dedicated exclusively to fine art body painting was opened in New Orleans by World Bodypainting Festival Champion and Judge, Craig Tracy.

 

24. Impasto Technique

Impasto Technique

Impasto Technique

  • Originated: 17th Century
  • Place of Origin: Italy
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Use of thick paint
  • Famous artists: Rembrandt van Rijn, Diego Velázquez, Vincent van Gogh, Jackson Pollock, and Willem de Kooning.

We have just referenced the pulling and rejecting strategy as one of the depiction strategies which control the paint. Dissimilar to the few of the painting techniques which remove the proof of a craftsman’s hand, the impasto painting strategy produces not just a three-dimensionality and high surface of the composition’s surface, yet it additionally includes a high component of show and expressionism to the work. Most painters working with this strategy apply the shading either legitimately from the cylinder, or with a palette blade. The different layers make a feeling of profundity and take into account a specific play with light inaccessible in other painting strategies. Accordingly, the final product frequently exists in a field among painting and figure where the artwork now and again is considered as an article as opposed to a painted surface. 

Did you know? When dry, impasto provides texture; the paint appears to be coming out of the canvas.

25. Casein Painting 

Casein (types of paintings)

Casein Painting

  • Originated: 30 BCE
  • Place of Origin: Ancient Egypt
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Paints are derived from milk casein (milk protein)
  • Famous artists: Oscar Howe,  Pablita Velarde

In this style, we blend the hues with casein to make depictions. Casein paint comprises of phosphoprotein milk started by warming with a corrosive or by lactic corrosive. By utilizing natively constructed curd produced using soured skim milk, it has been a conventional cement and cover for over eight centuries. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the unadulterated casein blended with smelling salts and has been utilized for easel and wall painting works of art. As of late, instant casein paints have come into exceptionally wide use. A bit of leeway of casein painting is that it can make impacts like an oil painting. In this method, the utilization of fiber brushes and a moderate impasto is permitted like an oil painting. The casein paint is quick-drying and gives a matte impact. In the wake of drying, the paint progresses toward becoming water impervious to a particular degree. 

Types of Painting based on Art Styles

There are various types of painting, styles, it enables the craftsman to bring forth his/her thoughts on the canvas with a blend of innovation, theoretical and techniques. A style is a distinctive feature that characterizes a particular person (or his paintings). Having an idea about tone, color, texture, brushwork, and composition will help you create your own masterpieces with confidence. Here are some essential painting styles that will have you painting like a pro in no time.

1. Warli Painting

Warli Painting Style

Warli Painting

 

  • Originated: 10th Century
  • Place of Origin: Maharashtra, India
  • Base: Walls
  • Uniqueness: Use of set of basic geometric shapes
  • Famous artists: Jivya Soma Mashe and his son Balu Mashe

The Warli painting is amongst the types of painting which are innate art. This type of art is made by the Adivasis from the North Sahyadri run in India. This work of art is done on an austere mud base, utilizing just shading, normally white with incidental dabs in red and yellow. The white shading is gotten from pounding rice to the white powder. 

Did you know? Coca-Cola India launched a campaign featuring Warli painting in order to highlight the ancient culture and represent a sense of togetherness. The campaign was called “Come Home on Deepawali” and specifically targeted the modern youth

2. Pahad Painting

Pahad Painting Style

Pahad Painting

  • Originated: 14th Century
  • Place of Origin: Rajasthan, India
  • Base: hand-woven coarse cotton cloth
  • Uniqueness: Use of Vegetable colors
  • Famous artists: Shree Lal Joshi, Nand Kishor Joshi, Pradip Mukherjee, Prakash Joshi, Ghanshyam Joshi, Shanti Lal Joshi

The Pahad painting or otherwise called the Phad is one of those types of painting style which have people enlivened and are, for the most part, rehearsed in Rajasthan. This type of art is done on a long bit of material or a canvas that is known as a Phad. The people gods of Rajasthan, for example, the Pabuji and Devnarayan are portrayed on this canvas. They are utilized as portable sanctuaries of the society divinities. 

Did you know? What adds to the uniqueness of Phad art, is that historically, it was only members of the Joshi family, belonging to the Chipa caste, that created these paintings.

3. Madhubani Painting

Madhubani Painting Style

Madhubani Painting

  • Originated: 5th century BCE
  • Place of Origin: Bihar, India
  • Base: Initially freshly plastered mud walls but now every base
  • Uniqueness: Use of paste of powdered rice
  • Famous artists: Jagdamba Devi, Sita Devi

The Madhubani painting or otherwise called Mithila art is rehearsed in the Mithila district of India and Nepal. This kind of painting is finished utilizing the fingers, brushes or even twigs of the trees. They utilize common colors for the shading and once in a while, even matchsticks are used to draw. There is additionally custom substance for events like marriage, birth or celebrations. Initially, women made the Madhubani paintings only.aidehi in Madhubani, Benipatti in Madhubani district and Gram Vikas Parishad in Ranti are some of the major centres of Madhubani painting which have kept this ancient art form alive.

Did you know? Madhubani painting received official recognition in 1969 when Sita Devi received the State award by Government of Bihar. Jagdamba Devi was the first artist from Mithila to receive a National Award in Mithila paintings.

 

4. Gond Paintings

Gond Paintings Style

Gond Paintings

  • Originated: 6th century
  • Place of Origin: Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Base: Floors and Walls
  • Uniqueness: Painting through detailed line work
  • Famous artists: Jangarh Singh Shyam

The Gond painting one of the types of painting which has a place with the Gond, an indigenous network in the Indian territory of Madhya Pradesh. It is a type of art and scoiety that is polished by this biggest clan in India. Their ordinary missions are splendidly delineated in their specialty, which has been going on for a long time. The Pradhan Gonds are eminent for their imaginative expertise. They have utilized painting as a medium to record their history. 

Did You know? The paints are usually derived naturally from objects such as charcoal, coloured soil, plant sap, leaves and even cow dung.

5. Patachitra Paintings

Patachitra Paintings Style

Patachitra Painting

  • Originated: 1st century
  • Place of Origin: Odisha, India
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Mostly mythological in depiction
  • Famous artists: Khandu and Radha Chitrakar, Monimala

This type of painting style is one of the leading types of painting, from the eastern Indian province of Odisha. Their artworks depend on folklore and roused by the Gods Jagannath and Vaishnava organization. The hues utilized are regular. These sketches portray the tales of Hindu gods and are a prevalent kind of painting. 

Did you know? Chalk dust is used for white color, pauri for yellow color, cultivated indigo for blue, bhushakali for black and mete sindur for red color.

 

6. Picchwai Painting

Picchwai Painting Style

Picchwai Painting

  • Originated: 15th century
  • Place of Origin: Rajasthan, India
  • Base: Cloth
  • Uniqueness: Narrate tales of Krishna to the illiterate.
  • Famous artists: Ghasi Ram Sharma, Gopilal Sharma, Narottam Narayan Sharma, Kanhaiyalal Sharma, B. G. Sharma

This is one of the types of art which began in the towns of Aurangabad and Nathdwara in the territory of Rajasthan. They are enormous estimated sketches and typically done on cotton material, with the assistance of characteristic hues. They are highly sought after, particularly outsiders. The painters of this artwork are generally talented and require a high exertion in getting them right. These compositions are presently the significant fare of the Nathdwara. 

Did you know? Lord Krishna is often depicted as Shrinathji in Pichwais, which is the deity manifest as a seven-year-old child.

7. Mughal Paintings

Mughal Paintings

Mughal Paintings Style

  • Originated: 15th century
  • Place of Origin: Turko-Afghan Sultanate of Delhi
  • Base: Loose-leaf paper
  • Uniqueness: Miniature style painting
  • Famous artists:  Abd al-Samad, Mir Sayyid Ali

The Mughal compositions are an extremely specific type of art style of South Asian painting that rose up out of Persian scaled down. This type of art has high portions of impact from the Hindu, Jain, and Buddhism, and mostly created in the court of the Mughal domain in the sixteenth and eighteenth hundreds of years. The artwork began as a mix of Persian and Indian thoughts. The canvases picked up notoriety rapidly, and the creatures and plants in them were practically delineated. 

Didi you know? When the second Mughal emperor, Humayun was in exile in Tabriz in the Safavid court of Shah Tahmasp I of Persia, he was exposed to Persian miniature painting, and commissioned at least one work there, an unusually large painting of Princes of the House of Timur, now in the British Museum.

8. Cavern Paintings

Cavern Paintings Style

Cavern Paintings

  • Originated: 40000 years ago
  • Place of Origin:  Franco-Cantabrian region
  • Base: Cave Walls
  • Uniqueness: Prehistoric Origin
  • Famous artists:  Not Known

The cavern works of art are otherwise called the ‘parietal art’. They can be normally observed on cavern dividers, roofs of ancient inception and goes back to 40,000 years prior to Eurasia. The cavern canvases are not frequently clear and what appears to be clear is that they have attempted to pass on some data. Because of their relic, a lot of their works of art can’t be deciphered appropriately. Cavern paintings are one of the essential types of painting styles. 

Did you know? The oldest type of cave paintings are hand stencils and simple geometric shapes; the oldest undisputed examples of figurative cave paintings are somewhat younger, close to 35,000 years old

9. Texture Painting

Texture Painting Style

Texture Painting

  • Originated: 20th Century
  • Place of Origin: France
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Sense of abstract touch
  • Famous artists: MD Weems

We as a whole love to see the brush strokes on artistic creation, this type of art gives a sensational last impact. Surface artistic creations are for the most part utilized with oil paints since while working with acrylic paints, they impacts are lost when the acrylics evaporate. However, oil paints will, in general, be costly, so as a substitute one can utilize acrylic impasto which works astonishing on surfaces. Aside from standard paint brushes, level knives, obtuse items are utilized to make surface artistic creations. 

Did you know? The concept of “painterliness” also has bearing on texture. The texture stimulates two different senses: sight and touch. There are four types of texture in art: actual, simulated, abstract, and invented texture.

10. Modernism

Modernism Style

Modernism

  • Originated: 19th Century
  • Place of Origin: France
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: A try to make art more reachable to people
  • Famous artists: Claude Monet, Vincent Van Gogh

The terms modernism and modern art are generally used to describe the succession of art movements that critics and historians have identified since the realism of Gustav Courbet and culminating in abstract art and its developments in the 1960s. Despite the fact that many have attempted to characterize innovation, genuine innovation has dependably figured out how to disappear from those definitions. Someone needed to draw a line and it ended up being the workmanship pundits who assumed up the liability. In basic words, innovation is a split far from the customary type of craftsmanship painting. One can say it is imbued type of workmanship got from numerous controls. As it were, innovation is an extreme perspective by craftsmen of that time, without any limits set by customary strategy. 

Did you know? By the 1960s modernism had become a dominant idea of art, and a particularly narrow theory of modernist painting had been formulated by the highly influential American critic Clement Greenberg. A reaction then took place which was quickly identified as postmodernism.

11. Impressionism 

Impressionism Painting Style

Impressionism

  • Originated: 19th Century
  • Place of Origin: Paris, France
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Thin, small yet visible brush strokes
  • Famous artists: Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, and Frédéric Bazille

It is one of the best types of painting style. Impressionism is an art development begun in Paris in the late nineteenth century. Impressionism got eyes of numerous commentators, however generally for the wrong reasons. The slight brush strokes, normal and customary subjects, strange points and so forth are a few highlights of this style of art painting. Outside views of scenes and even boulevards moved toward becoming settings for impressionist painters. If you take a gander at impressionist depictions, you will locate that dark is a shading that is once in a while utilized. For dim tones, corresponding hues were blended and utilized. 

Did you know? During the 1860s, the Salon jury routinely rejected about half of the works submitted by Monet and his friends in favour of works by artists faithful to the approved style. In 1863, the Salon jury rejected Manet’s The Luncheon on the Grass(Le déjeuner sur l’herbe) primarily because it depicted a nude woman with two clothed men at a picnic

12. Expressionism 

Expressionism Art style

Expressionism

  • Originated: 20th Century
  • Place of Origin: Germany
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness:To present the world solely from a subjective perspective
  • Famous artists: Ernst Barlach, Max Beckmann, Fritz Bleyl, Heinrich Campendonk, Otto Dix

The conceptual types of painting take numerous structures. Expressionism is one such structure. This style of painting firmly identifies the feelings and sentiments of the human heart. This enthusiastic flood of the human heart is shown from a subject’s point of view. The expressionist works of art either speaks to the enthusiastic condition of the craftsman or is expected to instigate some sort of a passionate reverberation inside the watcher. 

Did you know? In 1905, a group of four German artists, led by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, formed Die Brücke (the Bridge) in the city of Dresden. This was arguably the founding organization for the German Expressionist movement, though they did not use the word itself.

13. Cubism

Cubism Painting Style

Cubism

  • Originated: 20th Century
  • Place of Origin: Europe
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness:  different views of subjects (usually objects or figures) together in the same picture
  • Famous artists: Pablo Picasso; Paul Cézanne

“Everything in nature takes its structure from the circle, the cone, and the chamber.” Later this turned into the premise of Cubism. In this conceptual work of art, geometrical solids assume a significant job. The last item will be a mix of real type of article and some geometrical shape. Today, Cubism is another style of theoretical art painting. In any case, Cubism was a solid nearness in the workmanship world even before dynamic painting ended up common. Individuals like Picasso, Braque, Gris and so forth pursued Cubism and made it popular. The universe of best painting would have never been the equivalent without commitments from these Cubist craftsmen. 

Did you know? In 1908, in his review of Georges Braque’s exhibition at Kahnweiler’s gallery, the critic Louis Vauxcelles called Braque a daring man who despises form, “reducing everything, places and a figures and houses, to geometric schemas, to cubes”

14. Surrealism

Surrealism 

Surrealism

  • Originated: 20th Century
  • Place of Origin: Europe
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness:  Unnerving, Illogical scenes
  • Famous artists:  Max Ernst, Salvador Dalí

Despite the fact that not one of the most perfect types of painting, you will discover hints of conceptual intuition in Surrealism. This is really a development that grown in the mid-twentieth century. This type of art included composition and numerous types of visual works of art. Clearly, compositions turned into a major piece of this development. These Surrealistic sketches could hit you with components of shock. This remaining part one of its essential highlights as well. Juxtaposition, putting two theoretical ideas together, is another component of Surrealistic artistic creations. 

Did you know? The word ‘surrealism’ was coined in March 1917 by Guillaume Apollinaire three years before Surrealism emerged as an art movement in Paris.

15. Chinese Painting

Chinese Painting Style

Chinese Painting

  • Originated: 475 BCE
  • Place of Origin: Ancient China
  • Base: Hanging Scrolls, HandScrolls
  • Uniqueness: Involves essentially the same techniques as calligraphy
  • Famous artists: Jing Hao, Li Cheng, Fan Kuan, Dong Yuan, Juran

The most established types of painting have a creative convention on the planet, Chinese painting, includes procedures utilized in Calligraphy. The specialists utilize hued inks for painting on paper, silk and so forth. They never use oil for painting. Gong-bi and Shui-mo, which means careful and ink and wash painting, are the two generally utilized strategies. The principal strategy uses nitty-gritty and exact brush strokes while the other is the regular watercolor painting. The craftsmen are not simply drawing the presence of an article. They hope to catch the spirit of that object, the vitality inside, the soul. This is the thing that makes Chinese artistic creations extraordinary. They attempt to keep the use of extreme and dynamic hues to the base. 

Did you know? During the Tang dynasty, figure painting flourished at the royal court. Artists such as Zhou Fang depicted the splendor of court life in paintings of emperors, palace ladies, and imperial horses. Figure painting reached the height of elegant realism in the art of the court of Southern Tang (937–975).

16. The Japanese Painting

Japanese Painting (types of paintings)

Japanese Painting

  • Originated: 35000 BCE
  • Place of Origin: Prehistoric Japan
  • Base: Hanging Scrolls, HandScrolls
  • Uniqueness: Painting of animals and plants, especially birds and flowers
  • Famous artists: Shūbun, Sesshū, Mokkei

Japanese painting, one of the types of painting which can entrance you from various perspectives. In case you take a gander at it, all things considered, its appeal, straightforwardness, and familiarity can incredibly make you need it. If you attempt to get familiar with Japanese painting, you will end up in a universe of bewilderment. In case you are inexperienced with Japanese terms, you will discover this art is not all that simple. Japanese painting takes impacts from Chinese, other eastern and western art. Japanese painting technique has its very own ways of thinking and styles. ‘Suibokuga’ is one such school of workmanship, where artists utilize just dark ink for painting. The sort of works of art Japanese craftsmen delivered utilizing just dark ink would flabbergast any world-class craftsman. This school of painting was the aftereffect of an immediate impact from Chinese style and Buddhism. 

Did you know? Shūbun, a monk at the Kyoto temple of Shōkoku-ji, created in the painting Reading in a Bamboo Grove (1446) a realistic landscape with deep recession into space.

17. Rajput Painting

Rajput Painting (types of paintings)

Rajput Painting

  • Originated: 16th Century
  • Place of Origin: Rajputana Kingdom, Ancient India
  • Base: Inner walls of Forts and Palaces
  • Uniqueness: Colors used for the painting were derived from minerals, plant sources, conch shells, precious stones, gold, and silver, etc.
  • Famous artists: Nihal Chand, Nainsukh, Jai Singh Neeraj

The next real-time painting began during the Rajput Empire and is called Rajput Paintings. The specialists favored the formation of miniatures, yet the subjects of the artistic creations were different. You would discover compositions showing occasions from extraordinary Indian sagas, scenes and human life. Rajput Paintings are celebrated for their rich utilization of hues. An intriguing reality about the hues utilized for these sketches is that a portion of the hues utilized was produced using valuable stones, silver, and even gold. It took a long time to set up the hues required for these works of art. 

Did you know? In the late 16th Century, Rajput art schools began to develop distinctive styles, combining indigenous as well as foreign influences such as Persian, Mughal, Chinese and European.

18. Mysore Painting 

Mysore Painting (types of paintings)

Mysore Painting

  • Originated: 2nd Century BCE
  • Place of Origin: Mysore, Karnataka, India
  • Base: Paper, wood, cloth or wall grounds
  • Uniqueness: Elegance, muted colors, and attention to detail
  • Famous artists: Sri K.S. Shreehari, M. Ramanarasaiah, Ms. Chandrika

The Mysore depictions are types of painting which are celebrated for the dimension of specifying given to the subjects and for the utilization of delicate hues. Like some other old-style South Indian painting, Gods and scenes from Hindu folklores discovered its place saved in Mysore artworks. The production of an ideal Mysore Painting has numerous stages. This type of art begins with an unpleasant sketch of the picture. The base on which this sketch is made is only a paper glued on a wooden board. First, the position of royalty or anything of that significance is painted. Indeed, even gold foils were utilized for a superior yield. At that point, watercolor is utilized to finish the work of art, however just delicate tones. Mysore paintings always stand firm amongst varied types of painting styles.

Did you know? Gesso work was the hallmark of all traditional paintings of Karnataka. Gesso refers to the paste mixture of white lead powder, gambose and glue which is used as an embossing material and covered with gold foil.

19. Tanjore Painting

Tanjore (types of paintings)

Tanjore Painting

  • Originated: 15th Century
  • Place of Origin: Tanjavur, Tamilnadu, India
  • Base: wooden planks, and hence referred to as palagai padam
  • Uniqueness: Gold coating over paintings
  • Famous artists: C. Kondiah Raju

The Tanjore painting is maybe the most significant and old-style painting of south India. Utilization of rich hues, consideration allowed to consistently detail and, in particular, class, are a few claims to fame of Tanjore works of art. The craftsmen utilized valuable stones and strings to make artistic creations look better.

Did you know? Tirupati paintings, in particular were produced in the famous temple town using different media and techniques, like painted terracotta reliefs, brass repousse works, paintings on paper and canvas, etc.

20. Tenebrism Painting

Tenebrism (types of paintings)

Tenebrism Painting

  • Originated: 17th Century
  • Place of Origin: Italy
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Violent Contrast of light and dark
  • Famous artists: Caravaggio, Trophime Bigot, Gerrit van Honthorst, and Rembrandt

The Tenebrism, ever of painting, the utilization of outrageous complexities of light and dull in non-literal structures to uplift their emotional impact. (The term is gotten from the Latin Tenebrae, “murkiness.”) In Tenebrist compositions, the figures are frequently depicted against a foundation of serious haziness, however, the figures themselves are lit up by a brilliant, looking through the light that sets off their three-dimensional structures by a brutal yet dazzlingly controlled chiaroscuro. 

Did you know? The term is not often used of Adam Elsheimer, although he was an important innovator in painting night-scenes with a few lighted areas. His dark areas are always full of detail and interest.

21. Display Painting

Display (types of paintings)

Display painting

  • Originated: 17th Century
  • Place of Origin: Italy
  • Base: Huge Canvases
  • Uniqueness: Painting on huge surfaces
  • Famous artists: Not known

In this type of painting style, the depiction connects upon a level surface or bent surface which is normally a nonstop or scene and This type of art is encompassed or is unrolled before the watcher. The display ended up well known in the eighteenth and nineteenth hundreds of years where it was basically the harbinger of the stereopticon and of movement pictures. The displays were introduced on the dividers of a huge chamber, the old adaptation of display around 60 feet in the distance across and the new form of the display around 130 feet in diameter. The individual needs to remains at the focal point of the stage and pivot to see every one of the purposes of the skyline. 

22. Viewpoint Painting

 

Viewpoint Painting Style

Viewpoint Painting

  • Originated: 450 BCE
  • Place of Origin: Ancient Egypt
  • Base: Any base
  • Uniqueness: One point perspective
  • Famous artists: Melozzo, Pietro Perugino

This is a procedure of making the three-dimensional article graphically and spacial to connections on the two-dimensional plane or that plane is shallow than the first. It’s an approach to speak to space and volume which gets blended at a particular time and from a fixed position. Since the Renaissance, the Chinese and most Western painting are made under this system. This type of painting depicts the feeling that items and their environment have been packed inside a shallow space behind the image.

Did you know? Chinese artists made use of oblique projection from the first or second century until the 18th century. It is not certain how they came to use the technique; some authorities suggest that the Chinese acquired the technique from India, which acquired it from Ancient Rome.

23. Consolidate Paintings   

Consolidate Paintings  Style

Consolidate Paintings  Style

  • Originated: 20th Century
  • Place of Origin: Europe
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Incorporates various objects into a painted canvas surface
  • Famous artists: Rauschenberg

The utilization of discovered items inside the work of art strategies praised the creation of the American craftsman Robert Rauschenberg. Best known for his Combines, the term began to portray the blend among painting and figure, the painter’s creation utilized components of Abstract Expressionism and gathering. His pieces, much of the time considered as a current purposeful anecdote and a question to be explained, consolidated painting and mold and to feature the possibility that painting can be made out of anything. Present contemporary art generation just features this thought and further improves the idea that one doesn’t have to hold a brush so as to create a depiction. 

Did you know? Rauschenberg and his artist friend/flatmate Jasper Johns used to design window displays together for upscale retailers such as Tiffany’s and Bonwit Teller in Manhattan before they became better established as artists.

 

24. Foreshortening

Foreshortening (types of paintings)

Foreshortening

  • Originated: 15th Century
  • Place of Origin: France
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: painting affects the proportions of the limbs and the body
  • Famous artists: Andrea Mantegna, Michelangelo, Joseph Mallord William Turner

The method of making a particular article or figure in an image inside and out. The specialists propose that in various edges, the mutilation shows up if the item are at a separation. The painter produces a hallucination of reality that appears to damage the outside of the image or alter it, diminishing the size of the closing piece of the article so to make a less-forceful strike on the watcher’s eye and can relate the item more amicably the remainder of the image. 

Did you know? In particular, look at “The Separation of Light from Darkness” panel. In it, you will see that God appears as if he is rising. This illusion relies on foreshortening.

25. Sfumato

Sfumato

Sfumato

  • Originated: 15th Century
  • Place of Origin: Italy
  • Base: Canvas
  • Uniqueness: Technique for softening the transition between colors
  • Famous artists: Lionardo Da Vinci, Bernardino Luini

In this procedure, the work of art has a fine shading that presents delicate and undetectable changes among tones and hues. The system was to mixing hues without the utilization of lines or fringes as depicted by Leonardo da Vinci. The adherents of Leonardo da Vinci made unobtrusive degrees with no lines or fringes and made increasingly dim territories. 

Did you know? Besides Leonardo and his followers the Leonardeschi, who often used it heavily, other prominent practitioners of sfumato included Correggio, Raphael and Giorgione. Raphael’s Madonna of the Meadow is a famous example, particularly around Mary’s face. The Leonardeschi include Bernardino Luini and Funisi.

26. Sgraffito

sgraffito

Sgraffito

  • Originated: 15th Century
  • Place of Origin: Italy
  • Base: Any Surface
  • Uniqueness: applying layers of plaster tinted in contrasting colors to a moistened surface
  • Famous artists: Raphael, Polidoro da Caravaggio

This method utilized in painting, ceramics, and glass. This type of art comprises covering the layer with another and after that evacuating the shallow layer such that the example or shape is of the lower shading. In a recolored glass, they used to expel the top layer of hued glass and appearing clear glass underneath. In stoneware, it used to be through a white or hued slip which is a blend of mud and water and demonstrating the body shading.

Did you know? Another use of sgraffito is seen in its simplified painting technique. One coat of paint is left to dry on a canvas or sheet of paper. Another coat of a different color is painted on top of the first layer. The artist then uses a palette knife or oil stick to scratch out a design, leaving behind an image in the color of the first coat of paint.

Conclusion

Some portion of the delight of painting in the 21st century is the scope of accessible types of painting. The late nineteenth and twentieth saw craftsmen make gigantic jumps in painting techniques as well as styles. Numerous progressions were impacted by mechanical advances, for example, the innovation of the metal paint cylinder and photography, just as changes in social shows, legislative restructuring, reasoning, and other occasions.

And, for Art lovers like you, We have the 50 most famous paintings of all times in history(Ranked).

Whatever the case possibly, Types of painting is tied in with letting your internal inventiveness on a piece of the canvas, which can be thoroughly freeing. Various individuals around the globe have delivered various types of painting their styles and techniques. Albeit each sort of painting is one of a kind, you will almost certainly relate more to a particular kind of painting.