ERA OF ROMANTICISM

INTRODUCTION

I’AMOUR !! AMOUR!!

The language of LOVE in the 18th Century – ROMANTICISM.

The Romantic Era was an artistic ,literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe. Romanticism laid emphasis on warmth and originality as well as praises of all the past and nature.

The painter , poet, composer – invent, create, self-express their own unique, inner vision. It justifies the existence of creativity.

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The era of Romanticism emphasized intense emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience. In the remarks of German painter Caspar David Friedrich, romantics is an emotion summed as “ the artists feeling in law”.

CONTEXT

Romanceand “Romanesque”, has a complicated history.

To say, the word Romanticism, is to say modern art – that is, intimacy, spirituality, color, aspiration towards the infinite, expressed by every means available to the arts.

HISTORY

Approximately, in the period from 1800 to 1890 there blew a wind of love. Secretly, dropping traces of love.

Romanticism is a French word derived from “Romance”.

Romanticism was strongly associated to nationalism in many countries. It was fueled by the French Revolution. That was a reaction to the scientific rationalism and classicism of the Age of Enlightenment.

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It emphasized on the inner reflections as a prerequisite for improving the society. The end of the Romantic era is marked in some areas by a new style, which affected literature, especially the novel and drama, painting, and even music.

AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

“Whether we sleep or wake, the vast machinery of the universe still goes on.”
― Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason

Also, known as the Age of Reason, was an intellectual and philosophical movement in the 17th and 18th centuries.

It paved reason over superstitions and science over blind faith. The basic idea was to reason the primary source of power and purity. Favoring the ideals like liberty, progress, tolerance and constitutional government.

The philosphers and scientists continued paving ideas through meetings at salons, coffee houses , and in printed books ,journals and pamphlets.

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The Age of Reason is seen as the beginning of modern depravity. It was only by the age of reason that man discovered God.

THE HISTORY OF L’AMOUR

LUF!! LUFU!! LUBA !!

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The languages may be different, but the emotions are the same. Love is also of 4 types :

  • EROS – The word stems from the Greek word “erotas”, which translates to “intimate love”. Passionate Love.
  • PHILIA – It was about showing loyalty, giving sacrifice, showing appreciation, and other more “noble” forms of love not involving sex. Brotherly Love.
  • STORAGE – love of parents for children.
  • AGAPE – In modern times , it is the universal love. Love of Mankind

But,the love of the 18th century was Blind like Cupid. AMOR (Love).

Who hasn’t made some embarrassing error in the realm of love?

Misinterpreting a potential lover’s intentions can be humiliating, painful – even fatal. According to the wisdom of the 1770s, if we want to win someone’s heart, we should all be paying particular attention to the language of love.

Ridiculous Phrases !!

I will love you eternally : My flames will be eternal.

I am not the dupe of these compliments: I hate praise.

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These are only traps for more of it; nor is there any danger of overdoing it with them.

How useless is that ?

And it makes sense, doesn’t it?

After all, the love we feel for our family is definitely not the same love we feel (er, or felt) for our first serious romantic partner, or the love we feel for our pet—or even the love we feel for Chipotle burritos.

GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE

Well , building tombs ,cathedrals and and other artistic styles has been a token for the loved ones by many.

The architectural styles of this period were designed to evoke an emotional reaction , either respect for tradition or nostalgia for a bucolic past.

The Palais Garnier, the Paris opera house designed by Charles Garnier was a highly romantic and diverse combination of artistic styles. C:\Users\dell\Desktop\405px-PhotoB_062.jpg

Apollo, Poetry and Music roof sculpture by Aimé Millet

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Poetry roof sculpture by Charles Gumery

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The Dance by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux

ARTS VISUELS

Be drawn to the visual arts for it can expand your imagination.

Romanticism first showed itself in landscape painting. Landscapes ,seascapes, large paintings, and contemporary settings that turned the work into history painting.

The various group of artists also expressed feelings that verged on the mystical many largely abandoning classical drawing and proportions.

In France, historical painting idealized in the medieval and Renaissance themes was known as the style Troubadour, a term with no equivalent for other countries, though the same trends occurred there.

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Francesco Hayez, Crusaders Thirsting near Jerusalem

Francisco Goya, was called the last great painter, in whose art thought and observation were balanced and combined to form a faultless unity”.[

But,the extent to which he was,Romantic is a complex question.

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Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814

Sculptures, displayed delicate and skilled handling of clay. It remained sealed to romanticism, probably for technical reasons. As the most prestigious material marble, does not lend itself to expansive motions.

Literary, Romanticism had its equivalnce in the American visual arts, most especially in the joy of an untamed American landscape.

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Albert Bierstadt – The Rocky Mountains, Lander’s Peak

Looking at the paintings, was a huge part, of finding ways in the lush world of the 18th century.

Paint and Draw. Let the creativity flow.

MUSIQUE

It’s probably the MUSIC that belongs to our time. Rhythm and Harmony find their way into the inward places of the soul.

The German nature, generally can be described as, “ the deep and diverse action of romanticism” on German musicians.

Music, leads into the depth of the spiritual world , with elements of fear, sorrow and depth.

Beethoven’s music, conveyed a sense of “monstrous and immeasurable”, with the pain of an endless longing that “will burst in a fully clear harmony of all the passions”.

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Ludwig van Beethoven, painted by Joseph Karl Stieler, 1820

In the contemporary music culture, the romantic musicians followed a public career depending on sensitive middle-class audiences.

Towards the end of the 19th century, the newly emergent discipline of musicology – a product of the age – attempted a more scientific period of the music history.

GALERIE

“The Masterpiece of Nature”

The violent and terrifying images of nature recreated by Romantic artists recall the eighteenth-century as the, “Aesthetic of the Sublime”.

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Joseph Vernet, 1759, Shipwreck; the 18th-century “sublime”

The Art of Translations were fundamentally different. The sentiments were different too.

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Henry Fuseli, 1781, The Nightmare, a classical artist whose themes often anticipate the Romantic.

“A room hung with pictures, is a room hung with thoughts”.

Painting was a nail to which people fastened ideas. The galleries of the Romanticism period was the art that instincts enough to the artists.

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Eugène Delacroix, Collision of Moorish Horsemen, 1843–44

ROMANTIC AUTHORS

When you love something, it loves you back in whatever way it has to love. —John Knowles, A Separate Peace.

Mournful ,yet grand is the destiny of the artists.

The Romantic authors had their very own language of love. The beautiful words of Love. That every couple exchanged between them.

In love, there are two things – bodies and words.

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Posthumous portrait of John Keats by William Hilton. National Portrait Gallery, London

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Portrait of Robert Burns, 1787.

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Portrait of Byron

EN CONCLUSION

Romanticism defies simple categorization. As the poet and critic Charles Baudelaire wrote in 1846, “Romanticism is precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling.”

C’EST LA VIE!!

SUCH IS LIFE….

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